Sunday, 3 February 2013


 The world wetland day is being celebrated on 2nd February every year.It marks the date of the signing of the Convention on Wetlands, called Ramsar Convention, on 2 February 1971, in the Iranian city of Ramsar on the shores of the Caspian Sea .World Wetland Day was celebrated for the first time in 1997 and made an encouraging beginning.The Convention on Wetlands of International Importance, especially as Waterfowl Habitat, or Ramsar Convention, is an international treaty designed to address global concerns regarding wetland loss and degradation. The primary purposes of the treaty are to list wetlands of international importance and to promote their wise use, with the ultimate goal of preserving the world's wetlands.The theme of this wetland day was "wetlands take care of water". A wetland is a land area that is saturated with water, either permanently or seasonally Wetlands consist primarily of hydric soil, which supports aquatic plants.The water found in wetlands can be saltwater, freshwater, or brackish. Main wetland types include swamps, marshes, bogs and fens.Wetlands play a number of roles in the environment, principally water purification, flood control, and shoreline stability.Wetlands are the most biologically diverse among all ecosystems.Wetlands are present naturally (except Antarctica) and may be constructed artificially. Amazon .River basin and the West Siberian Plain is the largest wetlands in the world.Wetland systems naturally produce an array of vegetation and other ecological products that can harvested for personal and commercial use. Wetlands are vital ecosystems that provide livelihoods for the millions of people who live in and around them .Wetlands have historically been the victim of large draining efforts for real estate development, or flooding for use as recreational lakes .To celebrate the wetland day,the Eco1 club, running in the south campus of Banaras Hindu University organized a cleaning campaign at Windham fall near south campus,BHU.In this cleaning campaign,a large number of student of all courses has participated and went to the  Windham fall by university bus and collected the plastics and other wastes which has been thrown by the tourist and other local people near the fall. Along with the students,the security persons of the university and faculty members went to the Windham fall and cooperated the student in this cleaning campaign.This movement was appreciated by D.N Singh-Sub Divisional Forest Officer,Mirzapur,India and said that this type of movement is a great step in the near future and to start the 'CAMPA' like association by  forest department, according to which the people are made aware about the environmental safety. This movement was also uplifted by the Superintendent of Police and Circle Officer of Mirzapur and said that the people coming to the picnic spot are suffering from BATI CHOKHA Syndrome which means that people usually come to these places for cooking and eating bati chokha and make the area polluted by their activities.He appreciated the member of the Eco1 club to organize such type of social activity.This movement was coordinated by the lecturers of M.Sc(Tech-) Environmental Science & Technology, Dr.Anil Kumar Pandey & Mr. Vijay Krishna. The sole purpose of  Eco1 is to make wetlands and their biodiversity There are a large number of nature lovers in the world  but most of them visit the wetlands to watch the natural beauty present around the wetland and make them as a picnic spot. They are apparently unaware of the variety of insects, plants and amphibians that can also be found here.Instead, the tourist visiting to the wetland area are polluting the beauty given by the nature as wetland. The Eco1 is an attempt to popularize this fact.